What Goes Into a Full Body Checkup?

There’s plenty of curiosity around what exactly goes into a full body checkup. Common questions include:

  1. Which screening tests are necessary for a particular organ or part of the body?
  2. What is a particular screening test used for? What does it test?
  3. Are the screening tests in health screening packages comprehensive enough for me?
  4. How do I know if this health screening package is really suitable for me?

We’ll be addressing Questions #1 and #2 in this article shortly, breaking down the jargon and acronyms, with special focus on the screening tests which naming conventions are more technical.

Questions #3 and #4 have been addressed via this blogpost: Health Screening Packages in Singapore – How Do You Know Which to Pick?

Recommended Screening Tests By Organ Systems, Organs & Gender

Male

Respiratory System

Nose

NPC/EBV (Nasopharyngeal Tumour Marker) – screens for nasopharyngeal cancer

Lungs

Spirometry – screens for asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other conditions that affect breathing

Chest X-ray – screens for lung abnormalities including pulmonary tuberculosis

Circulatory System

Heart

Lipid Profile – screens for risk of heart disease and stroke

hs-CRP/Homocysteine/APOA/APOB – heart disease risk indicator

2D Echocardiogram – screens for heart conditions by checking your heart’s rhythm and blood movement

Resting ECG (electrocardiogram) – screens for signs of heart disease

MRI Carotid – predicts risk of cardiovascular disease

Treadmill Stress Test – screens for risk of coronary artery disease

CT Coronary Angiogram – screens for coronary artery disease

Blood

Haematology Profile – screens for anaemia, infection, inflammation or blood disorders eg. Thalessemia and Leukaemia

Nervous System

Optic Nerve

Tonometry – screens for glaucoma by measuring the pressure inside your eyes

Brain

MRI Headache Screen – rules out brain tumour, brain infections, hydrocephalus, strokes

Spinal Cord

MRI Lumbar – screens for spinal cord tumours, abnormalities and check spinal alignments

Urinary System

Kidney

Renal Profile – screens for kidney function and risk of gout

Cystatin C – detects and monitors kidney dysfunction

MicroAlbumin – early detection of kidney damage

Urine FEME (Full & Microscopic Examination) – comprehensive urine analysis to screen for urinary infection and kidney function (kidney stones, kidney disease, diabetes)

Endocrine System

Thyroid Profile – screens for thyroid disease

Glucose/HbA1c – screens for diabetes

Digestive System

Liver

Liver Profile – screens for liver function and liver damage

AFP – Liver Tumour Marker

Colon

CEA – Colorectal Tumour Marker

Colonoscopy – screens for colon cancer

Pancreas

CA19.9 – Pancreas & Gastrointestinal Tumour Marker

Stomach

Gastroscopy – screens for stomach cancer

H.Pylori IgG – screens for Helicobacter Pylori Infection

Urea Breath Test – diagnosis of H. Pylori infection/Effectiveness of Treatment

Skeletal System

RA Factor – screens for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Beta Crosslaps – screening for risk of Osteoporosis

Bone Scan – bone density studies

Vitamin D Test – screens for bone disorders

Uric Acid Test – screens for gout

MRI Knee – diagnoses and evaluates pain, weakness, swelling or bleeding in and around the knee joint

Reproductive System

Prostate

PSA – Prostate Tumour Marker 

 

Female

Respiratory System

Nose

NPC/EBV (Nasopharyngeal Tumour Marker) – screens for nasopharyngeal cancer

Lungs

Spirometry – screens for asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and other conditions that affect breathing

Chest X-ray – screens for lung abnormalities including pulmonary tuberculosis

Circulatory System

Heart

Lipid Profile – screens for risk of heart disease and stroke

hs-CRP/Homocysteine/APOA/APOB – heart disease risk indicator

2D Echocardiogram – screens for heart conditions by checking your heart’s rhythm and blood movement

Resting ECG (electrocardiogram) – screens for signs of heart disease

MRI Carotid – predicts risk of cardiovascular disease

Treadmill Stress Test – screens for risk of coronary artery disease

CT Coronary Angiogram – screens for coronary artery disease

Blood

Haematology Profile – screens for anaemia, infection, inflammation or blood disorders eg. Thalessemia and Leukaemia

Beta HCG – screens for presence of germ cell tumour (high levels of beta HCG in a woman who’s not pregnant could indicate a germ cell tumour)

Nervous System

Optic Nerve

Tonometry – screens for glaucoma by measuring the pressure inside your eyes

Brain

MRI Headache Screen – rules out brain tumour, brain infections, hydrocephalus, strokes

Spinal Cord

MRI Lumbar – screens for spinal cord tumours, abnormalities and check spinal alignments

Urinary System

Kidney

Renal Profile – screens for kidney function and risk of gout

Cystatin C – detects and monitors kidney dysfunction

MicroAlbumin – early detection of kidney damage

Urine FEME (Full & Microscopic Examination) – comprehensive urine analysis to screen for urinary infection and kidney function (kidney stones, kidney disease, diabetes)

Endocrine System

Thyroid Profile – screens for thyroid disease

Glucose/HbA1c – screens for diabetes

Digestive System

Liver

Liver Profile – screens for liver function and liver damage

AFP – Liver Tumour Marker

Colon

CEA – Colorectal Tumour Marker

Colonoscopy – screens for colon cancer

Pancreas

CA19.9 – Pancreas & Gastrointestinal Tumour Marker

Stomach

Gastroscopy – screens for stomach cancer

H.Pylori IgG – screens for Helicobacter Pylori Infection

Urea Breath Test – diagnosis of H. Pylori infection/Effectiveness of Treatment

Skeletal System

RA Factor – screens for Rheumatoid Arthritis

Beta Crosslaps – screening for risk of Osteoporosis

Bone Scan – bone density studies

Vitamin D Test – screens for bone disorders

Uric Acid Test – screens for gout

MRI Knee – diagnoses and evaluates pain, weakness, swelling or bleeding in and around the knee joint

Reproductive System

Cervix

Pap Smear – screens for cervical cancer

MRI Cervical Screen – to determine size and spread of cancer

Breast

CA15.3 – Breast Tumour Marker 

Mammogram – screens for breast cancer

Ultrasound breast – to evaluate breast lumps

Ovaries

CA125 – Ovarian Tumour Marker

Let the Smarter Prevention tool do the heavy-lifting for you

Answer 5 simple questions (age, gender, family history, preferred country & budget) and get recommendations on health screening packages most suitable for you. Enjoy 5-20% off walk-in rates when you book through us.

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