Common questions about menstruation

8 Most Common Questions on Menstruation (Cramps, Cycle and More)

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A woman’s menstruation cycle is often a source of anxiety and confusion. Questions like, “How long should my period last?” or “What does it mean if I get my period twice a month?” are typical for many menstruating women. The more information you have about your menstrual cycle, the better off you’ll maintain your mental health and achieve physical comfort.

In this article, we will answer some common questions that arise during menstruation so that you can find relief from any discomfort or worry!

1. What is menstruation and what does it do to my body?

Menstruation, otherwise known as a period or menstruating, is the shedding of the uterine lining through vaginal blood flow. This process typically occurs once every 28 days for women with an average menstrual cycle. It can vary in duration depending on where you are in your monthly cycle – from three to seven days.

The uterus sheds its lining along with any unfertilized eggs due to hormonal changes. This happens during the ovulation phase of your monthly cycle. The endometrial tissues left behind undergo a change called sloughing which causes bleeding that lasts up to two weeks before it heals into healthy tissue again.

2. Why am I having cramps during my period?

Every woman who has her period will go through menstruation cramps. Cramps are caused by the uterus contracting, which is a natural process. Your cramping may worsen when your menstrual flow starts because it’s an indication that you’re menstruating. When this happens, the muscle contractions in your uterus will push out everything inside and create pressure on whatever part of your body it lines up with.

You can take medicine to relieve pain from menstruation cramps or make lifestyle changes like eating healthier foods and exercise more often. But if these methods don’t work for you, talk to a doctor who specializes in gynecology. There are other treatments available such as birth control pills (to lessen periods) or metformin (an insulin medication).

3. Is there anything that can help with cramps during periods?

There are times when period cramps can be too painful and unbearable. If you are experiencing this, there is a variety of remedies available. One approach may be to take medicine such as ibuprofen or acetaminophen for pain relief. You can also try changing your diet and exercise habits to reduce cramps (such as eating healthier foods and working out more).

The best foods to eat to reduce period cramps are those with omega-fatty acids. For example, avocados can help reduce the amount of cramping you experience during periods because they are rich in potassium and magnesium. Cucumbers can also be effective at reducing period pain as it contains high levels of vitamin B which have been shown to lessen menstrual symptoms such as cramps.

Source: pinterest.com

You can also try to exercise to manage your menstruation pain. Yoga has been shown to reduce the severity of menstruation pains by strengthening your core muscles. You can also try some self-care options such as hot baths, sipping warm liquids like tea, or taking care of yourself with a heating pad when experiencing painful menstruating cycles.

There are many ways in which you might be able to manage menstrual pain without having to take drugs that have all sorts of side effects. What is important is finding out what works for you and creating an individual body plan because everyone’s experience will differ depending on where they live, how their family manages these issues, and other factors unique only to them.

4. How long should my period last?

The length of menstruation varies from one woman to another. A woman’s period can last from a few days to as long as six weeks. The average menstrual cycle lasts 28 days, with the first day of menstruation being Day One.

Normal menstruation cycle (or period cycle) for women
Source: anigan.com

If you’re unsure about when your last period was, it can help to track and chart some information for one or two months so that you can get an idea of how often periods tend to occur for you. It may also be helpful to monitor other symptoms such as appetite changes, headaches, breast tenderness, or bloating in order to provide more insight into what might happen at various points during your monthly cycle.

A doctor can help you figure out what’s normal for your body so that if anything changes, you’ll know what to do.

In general, periods should not last more than seven days. If the blood flow is too heavy and thick at any point, it might mean there could be an issue with hormonal fluctuations or fibroids in the uterus.

This will need to be checked by a gynecologist before adjusting lifestyle habits like dieting or exercising because these things may make menstrual symptoms worse when they’re triggered by something else going on inside of your body.

5. Why did I miss my period?

There are times when you’ll miss your period. Don’t be alarmed! There are many reasons for this. The most common reasons for missing a period are:

  • not having had sex in over three months
  • menstruating within the past two weeks
  • hormonal fluctuations due to stress, dieting, exercising more than usual, and other factors

If you think there may be something wrong with your body that’s causing missed periods, it’s important to check with a gynecologist. Do this before altering any lifestyle habits like eating less or working out more. These things could make menstrual symptoms worse when they’re caused by another problem going on inside of your body.

It would also help if you were able to track ovulation (when an egg is released). Try jotting them down or using a period tracker app like Flo. You’ll be able to find patterns and figure out what makes them happen more often.

If you usually have a regular 28 day cycle period, and if you have missed your period, yes, you should test to check if you are pregnant. Ideally you should check when you have missed your period for more than 1 week already.

DR EDWIN THIA
(Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital Singapore)

6. I missed my period this month. Am I pregnant?

Did you miss your period and think you might be pregnant?

It is a good idea to take an at-home pregnancy test if you are worried about being pregnant.

You can buy it for as little as $7 and it tells you right away whether or not you’re pregnant. This way, there’s no need to worry until it has been confirmed by your doctor.

If the test says that you might be pregnant then please call your gynecologist. The sooner you do, the quicker they can help diagnose what is going on with your body.

It’s important to check with a specialist, in case the cause of your missed period may be more serious. Some women who think that they missed their period may actually have PCOS (polycystic ovarian syndrome). This condition makes ovulation irregular, leading to periods coming later or not at all.

7. Why did I get my period twice a month?

Women usually will go through menstruation every 28 days. But there are times when a woman might get her period twice within a month.

This can happen when the woman is not ovulating on time or at all.

A hormonal imbalance may also be to blame, as well as pregnancy if a woman has unprotected sex in that particular month and does get pregnant.

It could also be caused by an underlying medical condition such as Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) which causes irregular menstruation cycles.

Polycystic ovary syndrome that sometimes causes missed periods
Source: news-medical.net

Women with PCOS sometimes have periods two weeks apart instead of one week apart like they should be every 28 days long cycle. This type of period pattern means less progesterone than normal, which leads to more estrogen production because it’s not being balanced out by progesterone effectively enough. The increased level of estrogen creates uterine lining growth which leads to menstrual heaviness.

Anovulation, hormonal imbalance, and PCOS are the most common causes of missed periods in women who menstruate regularly (once a month).

A woman can also miss her period if she is pregnant or breastfeeding after giving birth. The body produces hormones that continue production for nine months when you’re pregnant and six months after childbirth.

These high levels cause an increase in estrogen and progesterone which stop ovulation, so there’s no menstruation cycle during this time frame – but it will return once hormone balance gets back to normal again as soon as pregnancy ends.

Most women should have a period only once a month. If you have a period less than 3 weeks apart, you should see a doctor to check. You would need to do blood tests to check your hormone levels and also an ultrasound scan to check your uterus and ovaries.

DR EDWIN THIA
(Mount Elizabeth Novena Hospital Singapore)

8. Why do I have vaginal discharge?

Vaginal discharge is a thick, sometimes slimy, clear fluid that comes from the vagina and helps clean it.

There is usually more discharge during ovulation when there’s a higher level of estrogen in your body, but this doesn’t necessarily mean you’re pregnant because it can happen if you have an infection or inflammation.

It can also be caused by over-active glands or bacteria buildup around the vulva, which leads to yeast infections and other bacterial problems. You may notice excessive vaginal discharge after sexual intercourse due to hormonal changes related to orgasm (i.e., oxytocin). Vaginal discharge isn’t always healthy – so talk to a doctor or specialist about any concerns you may have.

Menstruation is a natural and healthy process that many women experience every month. In some cases, menstruating may be accompanied by symptoms such as increased vaginal discharge, abdominal cramps, or mood swings.

If you have any of these issues during your period, it’s important to understand what they could mean and if they warrant medical attention.

The best thing you can do is reach out to an OBGYN through Smarter Health for more information on the subject so you know exactly how to handle potential health risks in the future.

Need a recommendation, want to book an appointment with a specialist or get a quotation for a procedure?

Tap on our complimentary Smarter Health service.

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