Nausea and vomiting during pregnancy or morning sickness is a common condition occurring in pregnant women. This condition often occurs during the first trimester.
Even though it’s called morning sickness, this condition doesn’t always occur in the morning. The symptoms of morning sickness can strike at any time of the day.
Nausea and vomiting during morning sickness are not a sign of abnormality or problems with the fetus. This condition is not dangerous either for the expectant mother and the baby.
Morning sickness can occur due to hormonal changes, and this is very common. Usually, the symptoms of this condition improve by the mid to late second trimester.
Not all pregnant women experience morning sickness. In fact, some pregnant women do not get morning sickness.
Causes of Morning Sickness
Morning sickness occurs due to hormonal changes in a pregnant woman. When a woman is pregnant, the estrogen levels will increase. This increase in hormones occurs as hormones are produced to loosen certain tissues in the pelvic bones.
In addition, hormonal changes also serve to familiarize a pregnant woman’s body with the presence of the fetus. This hormone also functions to ensure the fetus receives good nutrition.
The increased amount of hormones will cause nausea and vomiting.
In some cases, morning sickness can also occur due to factors from other conditions that are not related to hormonal changes. This can be a dangerous medical condition, such as liver or thyroid disease. However, this condition is very rare. The increase in hormones is still a major factor in causing morning sickness.
Morning sickness or nausea during pregnancy is more likely to occur when:
- Conceiving a baby girl.
- Conceiving twins
- Experiencing frequent motion sickness, migraines, or taking birth control pills before pregnancy
When to See a Doctor for Morning Sickness?
Morning sickness or nausea during pregnancy is a common condition in pregnant women as a result of increased hormones in early pregnancy. For this reason, pregnant women who experience symptoms of morning sickness may consult an obstetrician and gynaecologist.
There is no particular examination process to diagnose morning sickness. In general cases, this condition can be immediately identified by the symptoms experienced and the frequent signs.
Morning sickness is a harmless and common condition. Therefore, a medical check-up is not always necessary.
However, pregnant women are advised to see an ob-gyn immediately if they experience:
- Stomach ache
- Drastic weight loss
- Dizziness or fainting when you stand up
- Severe nausea or vomiting
- Small amount of urine within 8 hours or it’s dark in color
- Unable to keep down food or liquids for more than 24 hours
- Feel pain and bleeding when urinating.
These symptoms usually occur along with morning sickness. If a pregnant woman experiences the above symptoms, she may also be suffering from dehydration or a urine infection.
Symptoms of Morning Sickness
Nausea and vomiting are the most common symptoms experienced by pregnant women during the morning sickness phase. Usually, nausea and vomiting are triggered by certain smells, spicy food, and hot temperatures.
However, there are times these symptoms happen suddenly without any specific trigger factors.
Morning sickness is most common in the first trimester. In many cases, this condition occurs in the 9th week after conception.
Most pregnant women feel that the symptoms of morning sickness improve in the second and third trimesters.
The symptoms of morning sickness are safe and able to improve on their own over time. However, in certain cases, morning sickness can be dangerous, both for pregnant women and for the fetus, if:
- The nausea or vomiting is severe
- You feel dizzy or faint when you stand up
- Your heart races
- You pass only a small amount of urine or it’s dark in color
Treatment for Morning Sickness
If the symptoms of morning sickness or nausea persist and start affecting your daily life, your doctor may recommend supplements for vitamin B-6, ginger, and other medications available at pharmacies such as doxylamine. These supplements and medications can help relieve symptoms.
Severe nausea and vomiting can lead to dehydration and electrolyte imbalance. For this reason, pregnant women are also advised to consume extra fluids and medicines if the nausea is quite severe.
During the consultation, the doctor will ask you how nausea affects you and how severe it is. Pregnant women need to explain how often they feel nauseous and vomit, and whether they have tried self-medication.
If self-medication does not work, the doctor will prescribe certain medications that can be consumed whenever you feel nauseous.
Even though medications and supplements for treating morning sickness are generally available at pharmacies, pregnant women are still advised to consult their doctor before consuming them.
Consumption of medications in incorrect dosages can potentially harm the health condition of the fetus.
There are also short-term pain medications for dealing with morning sickness called antiemetic drugs. This medication is often used as an allergy reliever, but for pregnant women, it can also relieve aches and pains.
Antiemetic medicines will be prescribed by your doctor if other treatments have failed to relieve symptoms of morning sickness. This is a tablet medicine, in which you can consume it directly.
If a pregnant woman has difficulty swallowing the tablets, antiemetics can also be given through injection.
Treatment Cost for Morning Sickness
The cost of morning sickness treatment varies, depending on the symptoms, the severity, and the method of treatment.
For more information regarding the estimated cost of morning sickness treatment, contact Smarter Health.
Prevention of Morning Sickness
Morning sickness is a very common occurrence in pregnant women. There are no particular precautions to prevent pregnant women from having this condition.
Usually, nausea and vomiting will get worse when exposed to the triggering factors, such as certain strong odours and spicy foods. For this reason, avoiding spicy foods and foul smells can help prevent morning sickness from recurring.
Home Remedies for Patients Diagnosed with Morning Sickness
Morning sickness or nausea of pregnancy can be treated at home. Several home care treatment that you can do include:
- Consume lots of fluids, especially water.
- Avoid foods and smells that make you sick.
- Eating dry bread or biscuits before getting out of bed.
- Consume small amounts of plain foods that are high in carbohydrates and low in fat, such as bread, rice, crackers.
- Get enough rest. Feeling tired has the potential to cause nausea and vomiting to worsen
- Consume foods and drinks that contain ginger. Ginger is believed to relieve morning sickness.