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Migraine is a health problem that can cause a severe throbbing pain or a pulsing sensation often on one side of the head. Many people also experience increased sensitivity to light and sound when experiencing a migraine.

In some cases, migraine is accompanied by nausea and vomiting.

Migraine is a very common occurence. Usually, this condition occurs in early adulthood.

Migraine attacks can last for hours to days. The pain can be so severe that it interferes with daily activities.

For some people, before and after experiencing a migraine, they will feel a warning symptom known as an aura. This aura can include visual disturbances such as flashes of light or spots, as well as other disturbances such as tingling on one side of the face or arms and legs, as well as difficulty speaking.

Causes of Migraine

The exact cause of migraines is still unknown. However, it is believed that migraines occur as a result of temporary changes in the chemicals, nerves, and blood vessels in the brain.

Migraine is also thought to be a genetic condition that can be passed on from parents or older generations. 

Some people may be aware that there are particular factors that trigger migraine attacks. These factors vary from person to person, but generally include:

  • Hormonal changes in women. Estrogen fluctuations in women that commonly occur after and before menstrual periods, pregnancy and menopause. Some women also admit to having frequent migraines after taking hormonal medicines
  • Certain drinks, such as alcohol and caffeine.
  • Stress at home and at work.
  • Changes in sleep patterns caused by sleep disturbances or the effects of jet lag after a flight.
  • Sensory stimuli, bright lights or strong sunlight can induce migraines. In some people, migraines can also occur whenever there are loud sounds or strong smells.
  • Certain foods, such as salty, processed food products, and cheese.
  • Extreme and sudden changes in weather.
  • Intense physical activity, such as exercise and sexual activity.
  • Certain medications, such as contraceptives and vasodilators, which are drugs used to dilate blood vessels

When to See a Doctor for Migraine?

Migraine is a disorder affecting the nerves in the brain. Therefore, patients who experience migraine symptoms should consult a neurologist. 

When consulting a specialist doctor, the doctor may perform a number of physical examinations and check the patient’s vision and reflexes. This examination is done to rule out other disease conditions with similar symptoms.

There are no specific tests to diagnose migraines. In order to make a more accurate diagnosis, doctors need to identify the patient’s headache pattern. For this reason, patients will be asked to explain in as much detail as possible about the migraine symptoms they experience.

Migraine is an unpredictable disorder. Sometimes, this condition occurs suddenly without any other symptoms, which may cause the doctor to take a slightly longer time to provide a diagnosis. If:

  • The diagnosis is unclear
  • Treatment does not ease the symptoms
  • The patient experiences migraines within the same period or lasts more than 15 days a month.

the doctor will conduct additional imaging tests to diagnose migraines such as:

  • MRI. This test helps doctors to diagnose whether a migraine is caused by other health factors, such as tumors, strokes, bleeding in the brain, infections, and so on.
  • CT scan. This test shows conditions in the brain to see damage to the brain that may be causing headaches.

Symptoms of Migraine

The most common symptom that occurs when a person has migraines is severe pain on one side of the head. The pain feels like a throbbing sensation that gets worse as you carry out daily tasks. 

In certain cases, pain may occur in all parts of the head and affect your face and neck. 

In addition, there are also symptoms that may appear if a person experiences migraine, such as:

  • Feeling sick.
  • Increased sensitivity to light and sound

Most migraine sufferers become more sensitive when exposed to bright lights or loud sounds. These things trigger the pain in the head.

Therefore, when experiencing migraine, may people choose to rest in a dark and quiet place.

Other additional symptoms of migraine also include:

  • Diarrhea
  • Stomach ache.
  • Sweating.
  • Decreased concentration.
  • Feeling too hot or too cold

Not all migraine sufferers experience the same symptoms. Symptoms may vary from person to person.

Migraine symptoms generally last for approximately 4 hours or up to 3 days, and may cause fatigue for nearly one week after the migraine symptoms disappear.

Treatment For Migraine

There is no exact cure for migraine. Treatment is focused on reducing symptoms and preventing future migraines.

Many medicines are designed to treat migraines. Generally, medications to combat migraines include:

  • Pain-relieving medications. These types of drugs are taken during migraine attacks and are designed to stop symptoms.
  • Preventive medications. These types of drugs are taken daily, to reduce the frequency of migraines

To find the right migraine medicine, patients may need to make adjustments by trying various types of drug combinations.

Medicines to combat migraines can be purchased at pharmacies. However, if the medication does not work, the patient may ask for a doctor’s prescription with additional doses.

Treatment Costs for Migraine

Migraine treatment costs vary, depending on the symptoms, how long the migraine lasts, and the method of treatment chosen.

For more information regarding the estimated costs of migraine treatment, contact Smarter Health. 

Prevention of Migraine 

There are many preventive measures you can perform to deal with migraines. Among them are identifying the factors that trigger migraines and learning how to avoid them.

Everyone can experience migraines with different triggers. Therefore, it is important for migraine sufferers to recognize what triggers the migraine.

Moreover, there are also medicines that are particularly designed to prevent the frequency of migraines and relieve symptoms. Taking these medicines help prevent migraines from returning and worsening. 

Home Remedies for Patients Diagnosed with Migraine 

When migraine symptoms start appearing, try to stay in a dark and quiet room. Close your eyes and rest for a moment. Use ice cubes or cold water to compress your forehead or the back of your neck.

Additionally, treating migraine at home can also be done by exercising regularly and maintaining a healthy lifestyle. Exercise can help increase endurance, but it is not recommended to perform intense sports activities, as they may trigger migraine symptoms.

Changes in lifestyle can be done by having a regular and healthy sleep cycle. You are also recommended to drink more water.

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