COVID-19

Table of Contents

What is COVID-19

Coronavirus or COVID-19 is a disease caused by SARS-CoV-2 that can trigger respiratory infections. The condition can affect the upper respiratory tract (sinuses, nose and throat) or the lower respiratory tract (throat and lungs).

This disease can spread in the same way as other Coronaviruses, particularly through contact from person to person. Coronavirus can also lead to mild to deadly infections.

Public health groups, including the WHO and the Centers of Disease Control (CDC), have been monitoring the development of the COVID-19 pandemic and keeping everyone up to date on its evolution on their websites. They have also issued recommended measures to prevent and treat Covid-19

Causes of COVID-19

According to WebMD, researchers are still not sure what caused the emergence of the new Coronavirus. There are multiple types of Coronavirus which can infect humans and animals, including bats, camels, cats and cows. SARS-CoV-2 is a virus that causes the Covid-19 disease, similar to the cause of both MERS and SARS outbreaks – as the origins of the virus comes from bats. 

The Coronavirus spreads easily from one person to another and its spread increases over time. Data has shown that the Coronavirus spreads from person to person who is in close contact – within 6 feet or 2 meters range.

The virus spreads through droplets released when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. These droplets may be inhaled or land on the mouth or nose of other people around. It can also spread when a person touches a contaminated surface and then touches their mouth, nose, or eyes – although this is not considered a major factor in causing the transmission of the Coronavirus.

When to See a Doctor for COVID-19

If you experience symptoms of Covid-19 disease and have been exposed to the Coronavirus, please seek immediate medical help. Speak to your doctor about your travel history and health to identify where and how you contracted the virus. In addition, you should also tell your doctor about anyone who tested positively for Covid-19 whom you have been in close contact with. 

To diagnose your condition, your doctor may conduct a Covid-19 test or other tests based on your symptoms. These tests may vary depending on where you live. You may also need to be screened by your healthcare provider to determine which type of test is best for you.

Your healthcare provider will use a swab test technique – a PCR test, to take samples from your nose or throat, which will then be sent to the laboratory for testing.

Symptoms of COVID-19

Symptoms of COVID-19 usually appear 2 to 14 days after being exposed to the coronavirus. The following are common symptoms of Covid-19: 

  • Nausea.
  • Diarrhea.
  • Cough.
  • Fever.
  • Fatigue.
  • Headaches.
  • Sore throat.
  • Tiredness
  • Shortness of breath/ difficulty breathing.
  • Shivering
  • Loss of sense of smell and taste.

The virus can cause pneumonia, respiratory failure, even death. In general, corona virus complications are caused by a condition known as cytokine release syndrome or cytokine storm. The condition occurs when an infection triggers your immune system to flood the bloodstream with an inflammatory protein called cytokines. It can kill tissues and damage your organs.

There are more severe symptoms of Covid-19. If you feel these symptoms or know anyone with such symptoms, please seek medical help immediately. Below are more severe symptoms of Covid-19:

  • Confusion.
  • Bluish lips or face.
  • Shortness of breath/ difficulty breathing.
  • Sleep problems.
  • Persistent chest pain

Symptoms of stroke also occur in some people with Covid-19, such as:

  • Decreased ability to speak clearly.
  • Numbness on one side of the face and a crooked smile
  • Numbness on one of the arms. When trying to lift both arms, one arm drifts downward,

If you are already infected, symptoms can appear within 2 to 14 days. The appearance of these symptoms can vary in each person.

According to researchers in China, these are the most common symptoms in people suffering from Covid-19:

  • Cough – 59%.
  • Fever – 99%.
  • 70% – fatigue.
  • Aches or pain in the body – 35%.
  • Mucus/phlegm – 27%.
  • Shortness of breath – 31%.
  • Lack of appetite – 40%.

Some hospitalized Covid-19 patients also experience very dangerous blood clotting symptoms. This can affect the legs, lungs, and arteries.

Treatment for COVID-19

Until today, there is no cure for Covid-19. Antibiotics are considered ineffective against the Coronavirus infection. Therefore, researchers are currently testing various possible treatments for Covid-19. 

The following can help relieve the symptoms of Covid-19:

  • Rest.
  • Fluid intake.
  • Syrup or cough medicine.
  • Pain reliever (ibuprofen or acetaminophen).

If you have mild symptoms, your doctor may advise you to undergo treatment at home. Meanwhile, if you are seriously ill, it is likely that you need to be hospitalized.

Your doctor will instruct you to monitor your symptoms and avoid having contact with anyone. You will also be required to self-isolate yourself from family and pets as long as you are sick. Wear a mask when you are around other people and pets and use separate bedrooms and bathrooms.

Follow the guidelines recommended by your doctor and your local health department about how long you should self-isolate at home.

Treatment Cost for COVID-19

Treatment cost for Covid-19 varies greatly, depending on the type of Rapid Test and treatment methods recommended by your doctor.

To find out the estimated treatment cost for Covid-19 or rapid test at home and abroad, contact Smarter Health.

Prevention of COVID-19

Take the following measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19:

  • Wash your hands regularly with soap and water or use a hand sanitizer to kill germs/virus 
  • Practice social distancing as you can contract and spread the virus without realizing it. It is recommended that you stay at home as much as you can. 
  • Cover your nose and mouth when you are out in public. If you have Covid-19, you are at risk of transmitting the virus even if you do not feel sick. Wear a mask to prevent the spread of the virus. However, you still have to keep your distance from others, at least 6 feet away.
  • Avoid touching your face, as the Coronavirus can live on the surface of the items you touch for several hours. 
  • Clean surfaces that you often touch using soap and water, such as tables, door handles, light switches, toilets, faucets, and so on.

Have more questions about the symptoms, examination, or treatment of Covid-19? Contact Smarter Health.

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